Home of the ancient pharaohs, Egypt is an impressive destination of temples and tombs that impress all who visit it. However, not all historical treasures. With vast expanses of desert, excellent diving, and the famous Nile River, here is something for everyone.
Beach lovers go to Sinai for sunbathing, while archeology fans spend a picnic in Luxor. Cairo is the megalopolis that the meek of the city cannot overcome, while the oasis of Siwa and the city of Aswan, in the south, offer a part of the slow pace of the countryside.
Egypt has a lot to see and do for travelers, it is the perfect country for a combination of activities that combine culture, adventure, and relaxation. Find the best places to visit with our list of the main tourist attractions in Egypt.
10 Must-Visit Places In Egypt
#1. Pyramids of Giza
The pyramids of Giza, the last survivor of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, are one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world. Built as tombs for the powerful pharaohs and guarded by the enigmatic Sphinx, the Giza pyramid complex has impressed travelers through the centuries and caused archaeologists (and some conspiracy theorists) to scratch their heads on how they were built for centuries.
Today, these megalithic memorials for dead kings remain a wonderful sight as they always were. An undeniable highlight of any trip to Egypt, the pyramids of Giza should not be missed.
#2. Karnak Temple in Luxor and the Valley of the Kings
Famous for the Valley of the Kings, the Karnak Temple and the Hatshepsut Memorial Temple, the city of Luxor, on the side of the Nile, in Upper Egypt, has many tourist attractions. This is ancient Thebes, the power base of the pharaohs of the New Kingdom, and houses more places than most can see on a visit.
While the West Bank is full of vibrant souk action, the most peaceful West Bank houses a set of tombs and temples that have been called the largest open-air museum in the world. Spend a few days here exploring the colorful art on the walls of the tombs and admiring the colossal columns of the temples, and you will see why Luxor continues to fascinate historians and archaeologists.
#3. Islamic Cairo
The narrow and atmospheric streets of the Islamic district of Cairo, in the capital, are full of mosques, madrasas (Islamic schools of education) and monuments dating from the Fatimid times to Mamluks. This is where you will find the shopping labyrinth of Khan el-Khalili, where artisans and artisans still have their small workshops, and the stalls are full of pottery, textiles, spices, and perfumes.
Around the market, there are lots of roads that house some of the most beautiful preserved architectures of the ancient Islamic empires. There is a lot of history here to explore. Visit the Al-Azhar Mosque and the impressive Sultan Hassan Mosque and climb to the roof of the old medieval gate of Bab Zuweila to see the best minaret-dyed panoramas across the district.
The quietest city in Egypt in Aswan, located on the winding curves of the Nile. Backed by orange dunes, this is the perfect place to stop and relax for a few days and enjoy the relaxed atmosphere. Take the river ferry to Elephantine Island and stroll through the colorful streets of the Nubian villages. Travel by camel to the San Simeón desert monastery on the east bank. Or simply drink endless cups of tea in one of the riverboat restaurants, while watching the skirts go by.
There are many historical sites here and several nearby temples, but one of Aswan’s most popular things is simply to relax and observe the life of the river.
#5. Abu Simbel
Even in a country decorated with temples, Abu Simbel is something special. This is the great temple of Ramses II, adorned with colossal guard statues outside and with a sumptuously decorated interior with paintings on the walls. Famous for its megalithic proportions, Abu Simbel is also known for his incredible feat, which saw the entire temple abandon its original environment, which disappeared underwater due to the Aswan Dam, during the 1960s, in a massive operation of UNESCO that took four years.
#6. Egyptian Museum
A treasure of the pharaonic world, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo is one of the largest collections of museums in the world. The faded pink mansion is home to an impressive number of exhibits. It is a very controversial place, with little offer label and without much chronological order, but that is half of its old-school charm.
Above is the golden glory of King Tutankhamen and the fascinating exhibits of royal mummies, but in every corner when turning here you will find a wonderful piece of ancient art or statues that would be the highlight of any other museum.
#7. White desert
The strangest natural wonder in Egypt is the White Desert, where the chalk mountains created surreally created what appears to be a snowy wonderland in the middle of the arid sand. The landscapes here seem taken from a science fiction movie, with incredibly white rocks and iceberg-like pinnacles. For desert fans and adventurers, this is the last strange park, while anyone who has many temples and tombs will enjoy this spectacular natural environment.
#8. Siwa Oasis
In the west, Siwa is the quiet tonic for the hustle and bustle of Egyptian cities. This beautiful and small oasis, surrounded by palm tree plantations and numerous freshwater sources, is one of the most picturesque places in the western desert. The city is centered around the ruins of a large clay brick citadel that dominates the view. This is the ideal place to relax and decelerate for a few days, as well as being an excellent base for planning adventures in the surrounding desert.
The most European city in Egypt, Alexandria, has a history that many others cannot match. Founded by Alexander the Great, home of Cleopatra, and renowned Mediterranean city renegade for much of his life, this coastal city has an attractive atmosphere of yesteryear that is unparalleled. Although today there are few historical remains of his illustrious past, celebrated in music and books, this is a place to wander aimlessly along the Corniche coast, have a coffee and buy souk.
#10. Monastery of Santa Catarina
Santa Catarina, one of the oldest monasteries in the world, is at the foot of Mount Sinai, where it is said that Moses received the Ten Commandments. This desert monastery houses an incredible collection of religious iconography, art, and manuscripts (some of which can be seen in the museum on the site), as well as the burning bush. For most visitors here, a trip to St. Catherine also involves a hike to Mount Sinai to see the sunrise or sunset. Take the camel path along the easiest route or climb the famous Steps of Repentance if you want better views.